Billefjorden fault zone, Spitsbergen

the long history of a major tectonic lineament

Publisher: Norsk Polarinstitutt in Oslo

Written in English
Published: Pages: 72 Downloads: 439
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  • Norway,
  • Svalbard.


  • Faults (Geology) -- Norway -- Svalbard.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 69-72.

StatementW. B. Harland ... [et al.].
SeriesSkrifter - Norsk Polarinstitutt ; no. 161
ContributionsHarland, W. B. 1917-
LC ClassificationsQ115 .N896 nr. 161, QE606.5.S9 .N896 nr. 161
The Physical Object
Pagination72 p. :
Number of Pages72
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4788781M
LC Control Number75509644

Gypsum and anhydrite of the Middle Carboniferous Ebbadalen and Minkinfjellet Formations were deposited in an asymmetric rift basin, the Billefjorden Trough, in Spitsbergen, Norway. The Billefjorden Fault Zone (BFZ), the western boundary of the basin, had a long polyphase history including disputed Tertiary components. It is a basement seated structure attributed to Caledonian . over the major Billefjorden lineament of central Spitsbergen (see Fig. 1 and HARLAND et al. ), extending both on to the eastern margins of the Nordfjorden block to the west, and into the Billefjorden trough to the east of this fault zone. The bioherms occur in the Nordenskioldbreen Formation of the. Harland WB, Cutbill JL, Friend PF, Gobbett DJ, Holliday DW, Maton PI, Parker JR, Wallis RH. The Billefjorden Fault Zone, Spitsbergen. The long history of a major tectonic lineament. Norsk Polarinstistutt Skrifter Google Scholar. hinterland of Spitsbergen's Tertiary fold-thrust belt, a kin- long zone of notably deformed Carboniferous strata and Cretaceous intrusives forms a major orogen-parallel lineament from Svartfjella to Eidembukta to Daudmannsodden (SEDL). Orientations and geometries of map-scale fault .

Fault Zone Late Carboniferous Early Carboniferous Rift Basin Hydrocarbon Exploration These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Billefjorden fault (Dallmann et al. ), its loca-tion close to geological units with rocks of varying degrees of resistance to erosion and weathering and the climate have led to the creation of a variety of forms in the eastern surroundings of Petunia Bukta, which according to Kostrzewski et al. () are polycyclical and polygenetic in nature. The type area is in the environs of Billefjorden in central Spitsbergen. The Billefjorden Group is a well-established lithostratigraphic unit and its overall facies development and depositional evolution is well known (e.g. Gjelberg ; Steel & Worsley ). The Ebbadalen Formation (Carboniferous) of Spitsbergen lies in an elongated basin on the downthrown side of the Billefjorden Fault Zone. Apart from the lower part of the formation, where all the beds are clastic, evaporites dominate in the basin and separate red beds, adjacent to the fault-belt, from marine carbonates. Several unconformities are recorded within the formation towards the.

OTHER USE OF NAME: Billefjorden Fault Zone (Harland et al. ). Billefjorden Trough (Gjelberg & Steel ) THICKNESS: Up to m (cumulative) MAIN LITHOLOGIES: Sandstone, shale, conglomerate DESCRIPTION: Clastic sediments with local coal seams, bound to a number of tectonic depressions developed subsequent to the deposition of Old Red sediments. The group comprises the .   Karoline Bælum will defend her PhD thesis; ”Geophysical and geological investigations of subsurface reservoirs – case studies of Spitsbergen, Norway”, at UNIS on 10 June at She will give a trial lecture entitled “Combined use of geophysical methods in mapping the upper-Jurassic rift structure on the Norwegian shelf”, on 9 June. the area covered by ice is of km2 for Ebbabreen (Fig. 2) and km2 for Hörbyebreen (Fig. 3). The bedrock geology isdominated by dislocations along the Billefjorden Fault Zone. The longitudinally−oriented faulting has brought a wide variety of rock. In the Devonian-Carboniferous, a rapid succession of clustered extensional and contractional tectonic events is thought to have affected sedimentary rocks in central Spitsbergen, Svalbard. These events include Caledonian post-orogenic extensional collapse associated with the formation of thick Early-Middle Devonian basins, Late Devonian-Mississippian Ellesmerian contraction, and Early-Middle.

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Get this from a library. The Billefjorden fault zone, Spitsbergen: the long history of a major tectonic lineament. [W B Harland;]. The Lomfjorden fault zone; basement-controlled Carboniferous subsidence and Tertiary contractional reactivation in the Svalbard Foreland, East Spitsbergen.

Tectonics and Structural Geology Studies Group of Norwegian Geological Society, Tromso, 10– Braathen, A.& Bergh, SCited by: Kinematic data and the structural style clearly indicate the Lvehovden fault is a normal fault with associated tri-shear zone development, consistent with the regional Carboniferous rift setting.

Løvehovden fault and Billefjorden rift basin segmentation and development, Spitsbergen, Norway. AU - Maher, H. AU - Braathen, by: 43 In the eastern part of the main island of Spitsbergen, two major N–S striking fault zones are 44 exposed.

The western one is the Billefjorden Fault Zone in central-eastern Spitsbergen (e.g., 45 Harland et al., ; Manby, ; Manby et al., ; McCann and Dallmann, ; Harland. Geologically, the area is also very interesting: the Billefjorden Fault Zone, an important set of now inactive geological „cracks“, is well visible Spitsbergen book.

In the winter season, Hørbyebreen is part of the Spitsbergen book route to Dicksonfjord and Ny-Ålesund or Woodfjord, in summer it is a possible trekking route to Ålandsvatnet and Austfjord. The axial trends in the West Spitsbergen and the North Greenland Eurekan fold belts parallel the principal fault zones which accommodated the separation of Greenland and Svalbard after Chron 25/ In northern Greenland, north directed Eurekan thrusts associated with mylonites and cleavage formation represent at least 10 km of shortening.

In light of the transpres­ sional plate boundary that existed between Greenland and Spitsbergen, and the recently described Tertiary deformation along the Billefjorden Fault Zone (Haremo et al.

) it is important to learn more about the Lomfjorden Fault Complex, particularly whether it is a strike-slip, contractional or extensional fault complex.

Northwestern Spitsbergen is bounded Spitsbergen book Billefjorden and Wijde-fjorden in the east and by the coastline in the north and west round to the southwest by Kongsfjorden (Fig.

The southern boundary overlaps with Billefjorden fault zone Central Basin (Chapter 4) and central western sector of Spitsbergen (Chapter 9) along Kongsfjorden and Sveabreen. At this boundary Devonian and older rocks are uncon-formably. Actually, the Billefjorden fault zone is not only one straight fault, but rather a complex zone of a number of faults.

This is nicely visible for example north of Hørbyebreen. Spitsbergen and later united by sinistral faulting. On the other hand, and in sharp contrast to the model of Harland and co-workers, recent struct- ural mapping of rock formations adjacent to the Billefjorden Fault Zone does not tend to support large-scale lateral movements (D.

Douglas, per. BFZ – Billefjorden Fault Zone. The easternmost zone covers the Isfjorden and comprises structures of the WSFTB. Graben structure and down faulted blocks of the Hornsund Fault Zone are the main tectonic features of the adjacent zone along the western shelf of Spitsbergen.

The westernmost zone. fjord in northern Spitsbergen (Fig. It is the longest fjord in the archipelago, and it follows the strike of the Billefjorden Fault Zone (Dallmann ). The fjord width increases from km at its head to 25 km at its mouth. Vestfjorden, a tributary fjord, joins the western.

east west cross-section through the five fold-and-thrust zones of the Svalbardian fold thrust belt between the Billefjorden Fault Zone in the east and the coast of north-west Spitsbergen in the west (Piepjohn ). Stratigraphy of the uppermost Old Red Sandstone of Svalbard K.

The Billefjorden Fault Zone is interpreted to extend from the shelf north of Spitsbergen to south of Isfjorden and may extend southwards into the Barents Sea. A new aeromagnetic map covering Spitsbergen and the adjacent northern Barents Sea has been compiled which shows that structures on Spitsbergen continue far into the Barents Sea.

The shear zones indicate a minimum displacement of between and km to the ENE of Zechstein and later strata over the Nordfjorden Block. Resultant folding and faulting over the Billefjorden Fault Zone represent an eastward manifestation of the Eocene West Spitsbergen Orogeny.

Introduction Deformation of anhydrite-gypsu m rock ins. segment of the east -dipping Billefjorden Fault Zone, and reinterprets Ellesmerian structures.

throughout Spitsbergen based on the presence of bedding -parallel thrusts and décollements in the Billefjorden Group in Pyramide n, Sassenfjorden and Reindalspasset (Figure 1a±b).

The present. Ymerbukta Fault Zone: a dextral oblique-thrust ramp in the Tertiary fold-thrust belt of Spitsbergen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 79, pp. Oslo ISSN X. The NNE-trending Isfjorden-Y merbukta Fault Zone is an oblique structural element within the NNW -trending Tertiary.

Billefjorden Fault Zone. Billefjorden Fault Zone (BFZ) is a long lived lineament that underwent multi-phase deformation in different tectonic regimes. BFZ is the boundary between two provinces/terrains with different thermal history and development.

Those provinces were juxtapose during Caledonian Orogeny. Seismic data in Reindalspasset also indicate that Devonian sedimentary rocks might have deposited east of the Billefjorden Fault Zone, thus ruling out Late Devonian reverse movement along the.

The fjords of Svalbard constitute the life nerve in the arctic nature summertime. Seabirds are nesting in mountain cliffs, the arctic fox hunts for goose eggs in the beach zone, and the polar bear hunts for seals on the ice floes by the glaciers.

Billefjorden is precisely such a fjord with a buzzing wildlife. Geology of an area astride the Billefjorden fault zone, northern Dicksonland, Spitsbergen, Svalbard By D.N. Douglass Topics: geology, svalbard, geologi. transform fault zone known as De Geer Zone (i.e., palaeo Hornsund Fault Zone) developed between Svalbard and East Greenland during the Palaeogene (Eldholm et al., ; Braathen et al., ; Leever et al., ).

The consequent oblique convergence or transpression led to the development of the West Spitsbergen fold-and-thrust NW 7 km SE m Billefjorden Fault Zone. Consequently, a series of revised Late Carboniferous palaeogeographical reconstructions are presented for central Spitsbergen. Geological setting Extension in Early to Late Carboniferous (Serpukho­ vian-Bashkirian) time created a series of NNW-SSE trending rift basins in Spitsbergen which possessed half.

major, pre-existing fault zones (e.g., Billefjorden Fault Zone, Lomfjorden Fault Zone; Fig. 1) and led to the development of a pronounced horst-and-graben mosaic.

The latter was characterized by a series of roughly N–S-trending, elongated, narrow rift troughs (St. Jonsfjorden Trough, Billefjorden Trough, Inner Hornsund Trough. the Billefjorden fault zone, Spitsbergen, the long history of a major tectonic lineament, Nor. Polarinst.

Skr.Oslo, Norway. Google Scholar. OpenURL Placeholder Text Hast. N., the state of stress in the upper part of the Earth's crust. the Billefjorden Fault Zone (BFZ), and to the east by the Lomfjorden—Argardbukta Fault Zone (LAFZ), which is a structural unit refered to as the Ny Friesland Block (Fig.

This block shows evidence of inversion during the Early Tertiary that was synchronous with folding in western Spitsbergen (Haremo & Andresen ). The Billefjorden Fault Zone, Spitsbergen. Norsk Polarinstitutt Skirfter,Jónsdóttir I. S., Terrestrial ecosystems on Svalbard: heterogeneity, complexity and fragility from an arctic island perspective.

Biology & Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy: Halvor Johansen's 4 research works with citations and 89 reads, including: Depositional conditions of the Bathonian to Hauterivian Janusfjellet Subgroup, Spitsbergen.

Tertiary decollement thrusting and inversion structures along Billefjorden and Lomfjorden Fault Zones, East Central Spitsbergen (P. Haremo, A. Andresen). Pre-Cretaceous structural development of the Danish Central Trough and its implications for the distribution of Jurassic sands (O.

Michelsen, T.E. Mogensen, J.A. Korstgård). (b) Geological map of the Billefjorden–Austfjorden area, the location of which is shown in (a).

The location of studied outcrops is shown by a red frame. The red double arrow shows the width of the Billefjorden Fault Zone (BFZ) at Pyramiden, in Billefjorden.

This fault is composed of two main segments: the Balliolbreen Fault and the. Lady Franklinfjorden Fault Hinlopenstretet Fault Zone Lomfjorden Fault Zone Billefjorden Fault Zone Bockfjorden Fault Zone Raudfjorden Fault Zone West Spitsbergen Orogenic Front Forlandsundet Graben Sutorfjella Fault Fault zones offshore to the west of Spitsbergen Heerland Seismic Zone.The insect fauna of Svalbard has been well-described by Coulson et al.

().The group of islands that make up the Svalbard archipelago are all situated in the Arctic and High Arctic zones. Svalbard is a group of five main islands that fall between 10° and 35°E and 74° and 81°N (Fig.

9).These islands include Spitsbergen, Nordaustlandet, Edgeøya (Edge Island), Barentsøya (Barents Island.Worsley ). The reactivation of the Billefjorden Fault Zone, one of the major tectonic lineaments of Svalbard, which is supposed to have been repeatedly active during diVerent periods in geological history (Harland ), led to the development of the Billefjorden Trough in central Spitsbergen (Fig.

1). To the west of the elongated basin, the.